The 4 C’s of Diamonds

4 C's of DiamondsAs diamonds are bought and sold, there are multiple factors that will be taken into consideration when determining a price for the diamond. While it takes a diamond expert to accurately grade diamonds, an estimated diamond value can be found using the main criteria used when grading diamonds known as the 4 C’s of diamonds. The 4 C’s of diamonds stands for Color, Cut, Carat and Clarity. As I said, while there are many factors that determine the price of a diamond, the 4 C’s are a large part of the grading process.

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Diamond Color

Diamonds come in a variety of colors usually ranging from clear to a slightly tinted yellow. Despite clearer diamonds being valued higher, there are also colored diamonds that can be rare and actually increase the value of your stone. Most diamonds are known as white diamonds and the diamond color can be graded on a scale of D-Z with D being the clearest, and Z having the most yellow tint to it. Diamonds of different colors will be graded on a separate scale.

Diamond Cut

The cut of the diamond is very important. The diamond’s cut will determine how much light is reflected and will make the diamond sparkle. The brilliance, fire and scintillation come from the way the diamond is cut and the symmetry of the diamond. These three things ultimately determine the diamond cut grading that is on a scale of poor to excellent. A perfect diamond cut will reflect light back out the top of the stone making it appear brighter.

Diamond Carat

The weight of a diamond is measured in carats. A carat is a unit of weight that is equal to .2 grams and generally the more carats a diamond has, the more it will be worth. When shopping for a diamond, you may notice how diamond carats are divided into 100 points and often displayed in decimal form. Although the diamond carats directly relate to the size of the diamond, the cut, color and clarity will still be important when determining value.

Diamond Clarity

Nobody wants a diamond that is cloudy and has a lot of inclusions and blemishes. The diamond clarity is important because it will affect the way light passes through the diamond and this could lead to a less appealing diamond. The way diamond clarity is graded is through a scale with 11 different levels of clarity. When grading diamond clarity, an expert diamond grader will look at the stone through a microscope to determine the diamond clarity. Despite a diamond appearing clear to the naked eye, a microscope will give a better idea of the diamond clarity.

These are the main factors that are looked at when determining a diamond’s value. The diamond 4 C’s are critical to a diamond’s value and all must be graded well for a diamond to have a high value. If you are interested in selling diamonds online, then you should try to estimate the grading of each category to help you estimate a price. While the diamond 4 C’s are very important, there are still other factors that could affect the diamond’s value both positively and negatively.